Development & validation of a numerical/experimental method for the characterization of the radiation of sound sources

Key words : Acoustical radiation, Boundary element method, directivity

Context : The internship offer is part of the ANR-funded RAYOVOX project aiming to develop an instrumentation to jointly characterize voice radiation (in near and far fields) and vocal tract internal acoustics, the former being the subject of the present offer. Voice production relies on three major functional stages : 1/ at the thoracic level, air is expelled from the lungs, 2/ within the larynx, a flow-structure instability induce the onset of vocal folds vibration and of sound waves generation, 3/ those waves propagate into the vocal tract whose geometry and acoustical resonances characteristics are controlled by the articulators (jaw, tongue, lips, velum). Larynx biomechanics and vocal tract articulation have been extensively studied over the last half century.
On the contrary, data about the voice radiation patterns is still pretty sparse. On the modelling side, recent work based on Finite Element computations investigated the influence of simplifications of the face geometry on the radiation impedance seen by the vocal tract or the effect of nonplanar modes in the vocal tract. Directivity diagrams have essentially been produced with hemi-circular antennas in 2D vertical and horizontal planes, or with spherical antenna with a coarse angular resolution. The aim of the project is to enable the experimental fast estimation of both radiation impedance and 3D directivity diagrams with the help of the concept of acoustical radiation modes (ARM).

Objective : in the sequel of an ongoing student project, the current internship offer focuses on the development and validation of a mixed numerical and experimental approach for the fast estimation of both radiation impedance and 3D directivity diagrams.
The methodology is as follows :
1. Scanning of the 3D geometry of the sound source
2. Conversion of the points cloud into a valid closed surface mesh
3. Computation of the radiation impedance matrix and of the ARM
4. Identification in terms of ARM of a measured acoustic field
5. Estimation of the corresponding directivity pattern
This workflow is to be validated on a calibrated sound source that has been designed to enable controlled directivity and whose radiation modes have already been numerically and experimentally characterised.

The intern will focus in :
. the implementation of this workflow,
. its experimental validation on the calibrated source.

Contacts : Marc Pachebat, Research Engineer at LMA pachebat(a), Fabrice Silva, Researcher at LMA silva(a)